Complications after a tooth extraction wisdom
Tooth extraction is an insignificant, but surgical intervention, which in some cases can lead to some complications that significantly slow down the healing process and become a reason for additional treatment to the dentist. The most common complications occur after the removal of a wisdom tooth, since this operation is more difficult and traumatic compared to the removal of ordinary teeth.
Bleeding after wisdom tooth extraction.
One of the complications after the removal of the wisdom tooth may be secondary bleeding, which occurs 3-4 hours after the operation. Usually such bleeding occurs in people suffering from diseases that cause a decrease in the level of blood clotting, as well as in people suffering from hypertension. Sometimes bleeding after tooth extraction may be due to anatomical features.
When a secondary bleeding occurs, it is imperative that you seek medical assistance at the institution where the tooth was removed, or if the bleeding started at night,call an ambulance team.
Swelling after tooth extraction.
After the removal of a wisdom tooth, such complication as edema can develop, and not only the gums, but also the cheek can swell. The appearance of edema is possible as a reaction to the destruction of the soft tissues surrounding the tooth, and also as an allergic reaction to the drug used for anesthesia. Usually such edema disappears within 2-3 days after tooth extraction. In some cases, if the extraction of the tooth was quite difficult, doctors prescribe drugs from the category of antibiotics, which helps prevent the development of edema and inflammation.
If within 2-3 days the swelling does not begin to decrease, there is pain and a feeling of pulsation, this may indicate the beginning of the inflammatory process and the need to consult a doctor.
Increased temperature after tooth extraction.
As well as the appearance of edema, a slight increase in temperature in the first 2-3 days after tooth extraction can be considered as a variant of the norm. Usually the temperature rises slightly and only in the evening.
If the temperature rise continues and on the 4th day after tooth extraction, and also if there is a significant temperature rise, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
An unpleasant complication after the removal of the wisdom tooth can be the so-called dry hole. This complication occurs as a result of the fact that a blood clot is not formed at the tooth extraction site, which would protect the well from the ingress of microorganisms. A dry hole can also occur when the clot was accidentally removed during manipulation of the doctor or failure by the patient to follow the recommendations of the doctor, for example, when rinsing the mouth or self-healing the wound. Also quite often, such a complication after the removal of a wisdom tooth appears in smokers.
Dry hole causes pain, which appears 2-3 days after tooth extraction. The pain can be both aching and quite acute. Also during this period, an unpleasant odor from the mouth may appear, indicating the onset of the inflammatory process. If acute or aching pain occurs after tooth extraction, medical assistance is required. Treatment of dry holes is carried out with the help of special preparations that are applied in the form of a tampon to the tooth extraction site.
Paresthesia - a complication after the removal of a wisdom tooth
A rare complication after the removal of a wisdom tooth is paresthesia - damage to the jaw nerves, which can be located close to the roots of the teeth. When this complication occurs, numbness of the lip, tongue or chin can appear, similar to those that occur after anesthesia has been applied. The feeling of numbness in this case can last from several days to several weeks, but ultimately must pass.
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