First aid for household burns
According to statistics, it is the burn that occupies one of the leading places in the rating of the most common domestic injuries, and most of them are burns of children under the age of 14 years. The cause of the injury is the careless handling of hot water, the first aid for such a misfortune should occur immediately, which will reduce serious consequences and reduce the pain syndrome.
Not everyone knows what to do with a burn, what actions to take, and what should be refrained from? How to determine the degree of impact? How to bandage and how to wipe? Should I lubricate the affected area with fat, or, on the contrary, try to cool down as much as possible? Inappropriate and untimely actions can lead to serious consequences that will further complicate the condition of the victim, and therefore, read carefully below.
How to determine the degree of burn?
The first help and the order of actions that will need to be carried out after receiving the injury may differ, depending on the degree of burn.As is clear, after boiling water or hot steam gets on the skin, it begins to blush, blister, curl, and in some cases even slazit.
- 1 degree is accompanied by redness, swelling of the skin and pain. There is no particular cause for concern.
- Grade 2 - after a few minutes blisters appear.
- 3 degree - quite extensive skin lesions, which can be accompanied by serious injuries of nerve endings and tissues, can look like a deep dark red wound.
- Grade 4 - an even stronger damage to the tissues, while pain shock can lead to loss of consciousness. And at the third and fourth degree, hospitalization and, possibly, transplantation of tissues are urgently required.
First aid for burns with hot water
Depending on the location of the affected area, it is necessary to carefully release the skin to the outside, that is, to remove wet clothes, it is recommended to show special efficiency if it is made of synthetic fabrics. It should be removed as carefully as possible, in particular, if blisters are already beginning to appear on the skin surface - it is important to prevent them from being stripped and burst.
An infection can easily get into the wound through damaged blisters, which can lead to the most serious consequences. If the clothes do not give in, it is better to cut it, but do not allow it to stick to the skin.
Further, the damaged area is recommended to substitute under cold water. Naturally, if it is a finger or a part of a hand, then it can be done simply; you can cope with the rest of the body by directly dipping them into a container with cold water.
Depending on the degree of damage, the site of the burn should be kept under cold water for 10-20 minutes. Cold water will relieve a little pain syndrome, as well as suspend the spread of the lesion. Places of burns can also be blown cold air or put on ice packs. If the pain is strong enough, then you can take an anesthetic.
After cold water, the affected area is dried and then bandaged with a sterile dressing to avoid contamination. To do this, it is enough to apply a light bandage that will not put pressure on the burned area, especially if it has already formed blisters.
By the way, in pharmacies special non-stick bandages are sold, which are specifically designed for burns. The affected area is best kept above heart level, so you can reduce swelling and speed wound healing.
Further, if necessary, it is necessary to call an ambulance, since in case of severe burns, self-healing can be dangerous to your health.
The most serious are burns with oil or those with an area larger than the size of the victim’s palm. It is also necessary to contact a specialist if the person or parts of the body, such as the genitals, perineum, have suffered, and if the victim is a child under 5 years old, a pregnant woman or an elderly person aged 60 years.
How to treat?
In the case of a first degree burn, the affected area can be wiped with alcohol or vodka, but it is not recommended to use zelenok or iodine, since additional thermal effects can be applied.
By the way, fat, sour cream or butter are also not the best helpers in providing first aid, since they have the property of a fairly rapid formation of a film that covers the wound and does not allow heat to escape outside.
For burns of the first two degrees, first aid may be given with special ointments, such as Panthenol or Olazole. These drugs improve the healing process and relieve pain syndromes.
Special anti-burn gel napkins that can be purchased at a pharmacy can also be effective. With their help localization of the affected site, anesthesia and antimicrobial effect. Treat burns and reduce pain and can be with the help of folk remedies, which almost everyone has at home.
For example, freshly grated potatoes help a lot. To do this, a few potatoes must be peeled, washed, and then grated on a fine grater and put gruel to the burnt place. The second option - aloe juice, they need to thoroughly soak a bandage that you will apply to the burn.
Another way - green or black tea. It must be brewed and then cooled to 15 °. Thoroughly pour over the affected areas with tea leaves and then apply a bandage, also soaked in tea.
Treatment of burns can be carried out using a decoction based on oak bark.To prepare it, you need 40 g of crushed oak bark and pour a glass of boiling water over it. Next, on low heat, boil for five minutes, cool and strain through cheesecloth or a small strainer.
With the help of the resulting broth, you can handle the place of the burn, as well as use it for lotions. Also, ordinary cabbage leaves help well - you need to take a couple of pieces, rinse, and then apply for a few hours on the affected skin.
A good and fairly well-known folk remedy in such situations is propolis ointment and sea buckthorn oil, after the timely use of which, the burn passes much faster and there are practically no scars.
It is easy to prepare: take 10 g of propolis and grate. Next, 100 g of vaseline boil and mix with crushed propolis, cool the resulting ointment.
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