H. pylori - Mayo Clinic



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How to Avoid an H. Pylori Bacterial Infection

Two Methods:

Helicobacter Pylori, or H. Pylori, is a bacteria that lives in the stomach and can cause inflammation and irritation of the stomach lining and ulcers. It has also been linked to stomach cancer. However, many people have no symptoms and are unaware that they are harboring the bacteria. In these individuals, the bacteria causes no harmful side effects at all. When symptoms do occur, they may include abdominal pain, nausea, loss of appetite, frequent burping, bloating, and unintentional weight loss.As of 2014, the prevalence of the bacteria infection in the USA is estimated at between 30-67% and worldwide at 50%.Poor body, food, and water sanitation in non-industrialized countries may be contributing to the increased rate of the bacteria, since infection in these regions jumps to 90% of the population.However, keep in mind that the actual route of infection is still unknown.If you avoid the risk factors and take certain preventative measures, you may be able to lower your risk of contracting a H. Pylori bacterial infection.

Steps

Reducing Risk Factors of H. Pylori

  1. Do not eat poorly cooked food.No matter where you live or are traveling to, you should avoid food that is poorly cooked as it increases your risk of food poisoning and other causes of infection. Poorly cooked food may be major conduit of H. Pylori because the food is not heated to a temperature high enough to kill the bacteria.This can be hard to detect, but if your food is cold or raw, avoid eating it because it could possibly be a carrier of the bacteria.
    • Avoid food that has been inadequately cleaned, like vegetables, or handled, like meats and fish. Improperly cleaned and mishandled foods also increase the risk of all types of foodborne infection.
    • You should also cook any food you make yourself to a high temperature as well. Since you may not know where all the food came from that you are cooking, you need to be certain you cook it well. This way you can avoid contaminating yourself with the bacteria as well.
  2. Avoid unsanitary areas.Like most bacterial infections, one of the major ways that the H. Pylori bacteria may be transmitted is through unsanitary conditions.This includes food and beverage production, living conditions, and activity areas as well. Food that is cooked in a poorly sanitized setting can transmit the bacteria from one individual to another. Avoid roadside locations or food carts where it is evident that there is no proper facilities for hand washing or cleaning utensils.
    • You should also avoid living arrangements near unclean water sources, sewage locations, and other areas where unclean and dirty water may be prevalent.
    • Avoid places where people don't use gloves, where there are inadequate restroom and cleaning facilities, or places where workers touch money and other people and then handle food or merchandise.
  3. Recognize accidental transmission.Another way that the bacteria may be transmitted is through the fecal-oral route or the oral-oral route.This means that food, water, and objects are contaminated with the bacteria because of poor sewage practices and poor hygiene. Since many individuals do not know they are carrying the bacteria, it can easily be transferred from one individual to another. Accidental transmission often occurs when a person is carrying the bacteria and does not practice proper hand washing practices.
    • The bacteria can be found in saliva, feces, vomit, and other gastric and oral secretions. Any of these substances from a carrier getting into your mouth, or if you touch your hand to your mouth after touching something with the bacteria on it, will increase the risk of infection with H. Pylori.

Preventing H. Pylori

  1. Wash your hands thoroughly.Since the main source of the H. Pylori bacteria is not yet known, you should always practice proper personal hygiene and hand washing.You should wash your hands thoroughly and often, especially after using the restroom or before handling food.
    • Proper hand washing starts with warm water, at least 120 degrees, and a decent sized helping of liquid soap. Place the soap in your hands and wet them briefly. Wash them for a total of 15-30 seconds, scrubbing around your fingers, along the front and back of your palms, and around your fingernails, and under jewelry. Then, rinse them in the warm water and dry them with a clean, sanitized towel or clean paper towel.
  2. Eat in sanitary places.When you are in a non-industrialized nation, eat only in restaurants with sanitation standards similar to an industrialized country's standard of sanitation. Kitchen utensils should be washed in hot water with antibacterial soap. Once the utensils are cleansed, they may become reinfected if handled by a carrier who has touched his mouth or not properly washed his hands after using the restroom. Because of this, ensure that you only eat at places where employees wear gloves as well.
    • The use of hand sanitizer is helpful in these questionable scenarios.
  3. Stop interacting with those infected.If you are married to or in a relationship with someone infected or if you have a family member who has H. Pylori, you should be very careful with your interactions with them. If you are married or dating someone infected, do not kiss them or engage in any sort of sexual activity until they have been treated for the infection. Also keep their toothbrush, cups, and utensils in a different area so the bacteria cannot be transmitted through saliva.
    • You should also not let anyone in your family with the bacterial infection prepare food, serve drinks, or touch things that are consumed so they cannot transmit the bacteria accidentally through touch or other contamination.
  4. Get tested.If a family member gets sick with the bacterial infection, you need to get checked as well. In terms of prevention, eradication is a large part of avoiding the bacteria in the future. Since it is thought to be spread by poor hygiene and sanitary conditions within families, it is recommended that, to eradicate H. Pylori from your family, all family members get tested for the H. Pylori bacteria.
    • If a family member is positive, they must be treated then retested for the bacteria after 4 weeks of treatment. Reinfection can occur and start the cycle over if you do not make sure that the bacteria is eradicated from the entire household.

Community Q&A

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  • Question
    Can I work in a bakery if I have H. pylori?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Yes, if you get it treated.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    How do I treat my bacterial infection if I've had an allergic reaction?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Stop taking that medication and see a doctor immediately. He will prescribe a better solution.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    Can the H. Pylori bacteria come back?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Yes. If you’ve been diagnosed and didn’t take all of your antibiotics, you’re at a greater risk for a return.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    Can I catch the infection from old plastic?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    No, the infection is only transmitted through unsanitary food, water, and saliva.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    I was told the only way to get H. Pylori completely out of your system is to have your stomach scraped. Is this true?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    H. Pylori is caused by a bacteria, and is treatable with antibiotics. See your doctor!
    Thanks!
  • Question
    How do I not get H. Pylori bacterial infections?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Follow the instructions listed in the article above.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    Do fish carry H. Pylori bacteria?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    They possibly could if the water is infected and the fish are not properly cooked.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    Can H. Pylori come back?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Yes, it can, if you come into contact with someone who is infected. If a family member or spouse hasn't been treated, they can reinfect you.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    How do I recover from H. Pylori?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Talk to your doctor, as they will be able to help you with this.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    Will H. Pylori keep coming back?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Yes, it can come back. You can be re-infected by a family member or a spouse/partner if they don't get treated and you keep practicing unsanitary conditions.
    Thanks!
Unanswered Questions
  • Interacted with someone who was later found out to be infected with the disease. What are the natural ways to prevent this infection from even starting? Can probiotics or some specific diet help?
  • Is well water a problem for h pylori?
  • Can H pylori infect mucus membranes and change taste and quality in mouth?
  • If I have no symptoms, but I am on a proton pump at the time of the test, could that give a false positive result?
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Related wikiHows

Sources and Citations

  1. Roshana Shesha, Kamal Kojrala, KC. Shivraj et al . Helico Bacter Pylori Infection Among Patients with Upper Gastrointestinal Symptoms. Journal of Family Primary Care 2014, April 3 (2) 154-158
  2. LM Brown , Helicobacter Pylori: Epidemiology and routes of Transmission. Epidemiology Review 2000 22 (2) 283-297.
  3. LM Brown , Helicobacter Pylori: Epidemiology and routes of Transmission. Epidemiology Review 2000 22 (2) 283-297.
  4. LM Brown , Helicobacter Pylori: Epidemiology and routes of Transmission. Epidemiology Review 2000 22 (2) 283-297.
  5. Allison, Aiello, Rebecca Calhoun, Vanessa Perez. Effective Hand Hygiene in Infectious Disease in the Community Setting: A Meta-analysis, Journal of Public Health, 2008, August 98: (8) 1372-1381.
  6. Yazuz, Selem, Sari, Didem Can, Vahit, Tundi et al. Helico Bacter: Treatment Just The Patient or For the Whole Family?. World Journal of Gastroenterology, Feb 28, 2008, 14 (8): 1244-1247
  7. Yazuz, Selem ,Sari, Didem ,Can, Vahit, Tundi, et al. Helico Bacter: Treatment Just The Patient or For the Whole Family?. World Journal of Gastroenterology, Feb 28, 2008, 14 (8): 1244-1247

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Video: Treatment Paradigms for Resistant H. Pylori | Daniel Z. Uslan, MD | UCLA Digestive Disease

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Date: 10.12.2018, 15:27 / Views: 45495