How is cancer diagnosed?
Tumors, including cancers, are dealt with in a separate area of medicine whose work is aimed at the treatment, study and prevention of cancer. At the same time, this branch of medicine can give a clear answer to such an important question - how cancer is diagnosed; however, diagnostic methods directly depend on the area and nature of the disease.
It is known that cancer can cause a violation of transformed cells at the genetic level and can occur in people of any age and gender. The following factors can provoke the appearance of cancer:
- The presence of carcinogens in food
- Presence of chemicals in the environment
- Tobacco smoke
- Genetic anomalies
- Infectious sore throats and other inflammatory diseases
An important point in this matter is the time of diagnosis of cancer, because the earlier the disease is detected, the greater the chances for the patient to fully recover.As a rule, patients turn to the clinic when the tumor becomes apparent and other painful symptoms are detected. However, it also happens that cancer is detected during the examination and treatment of completely different diseases.
Speaking about the diagnosis of cancer, it is necessary to understand that an accurate diagnosis can be made only after a thorough study of the symptoms and signs of the disease, as well as after conducting various medical tests. However, some types of cancer can also be detected during a routine self-directed or medical examination. These types of cancers include breast, mouth, testicles, skin, rectum and prostate gland.
In addition to the study of urine, blood and feces to detect malignant tumors, such methods of cancer diagnosis are needed as:
- CT scan
- Magnetic resonance imaging
To confirm the presence of cancer, a patient takes a biopsy from a patient by surgical intervention and tests a sample of tissue for the presence of cancer cells. If cancer is diagnosed, specialists conduct a staging, during which you can find out the nature of the tumor, and the effect of cancer on other organs.And only after all the necessary manipulations, the oncologist is prescribed treatment, which is chosen individually for each case.
In conclusion, I would like to note that most types of cancer in the first stages develop almost asymptomatically, which leads to not being unable to identify the disease in a timely manner, and as a result to late stages of development and possible death. Therefore, so that the question of how to diagnose cancer does not become acutely important for each of us, it is necessary from time to time to donate blood for the presence of cancer cells and try to lead a healthy lifestyle.
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