How to harvest?
With the onset of August in the gardeners, gardeners begins a hot harvest season. Ripens the bulk of vegetables and fruits that need to be properly collected. Competent collection helps to increase the fertility of crops, will allow to store the crop longer and improve its quality.
There are three rules by which experienced gardeners harvest at any time of the year. They are equally effective for collecting different crops at the end of the spring season, in the summer and, of course, in the fall. We recommend reading on this topic the article of our resource Cultivated plants.
Three rules of an experienced gardener
Rule number 1
When planning to store collected fruits and vegetables for a long time, you should choose dry weather to collect them. It is not recommended to harvest the crop immediately after rain, in cloudy weather with high humidity, in the morning at dawn, when dew settles on fruits and berries. What will a violation of this rule lead to? Fruits and vegetables collected in a moist environment contain less vitamins and nutrients, in particular, they have a much lower content of potassium.In addition, moisture contributes to the rapid deterioration of fruits, the formation of mold and rot on them.
Rule number 2
If too early in the morning is not suitable for harvesting, then noon is not a good option. Harvest should be in the morning, when the sun has already set, the dew has evaporated, but it is still not too hot. If you harvest vegetables and fruits during the day, the ultraviolet radiation will adversely affect the content of useful substances in them and worsen their taste. The exception is leafy vegetables - they can be removed in the late evening.
Rule number 3
All vegetables and fruits intended for long-term storage should be harvested when they reach a technical ripeness, that is, they are harvested with slightly immature. You should not bring them to full readiness, otherwise the shelf life will be greatly reduced. Let them reach ripeness not on the bushes, so you can keep their freshness and attractive appearance longer.
There are exceptions to this rule, and they concern berries and fruits, which will be used for jam and jams. In this case, they must have biological ripeness in order to convey all their taste and aroma to a sweet treat.
Not less useful information you will find in the article How to grow Chinese cabbage? Harvesting.
To help gardener
How to collect eggplant
Eggplant harvesting begins immediately, as soon as they appear brown color. Waiting longer is not worth it, otherwise the skin of the vegetables will be thickened, and the flesh will acquire a bitter taste. Cut the eggplants together with the stalk, so they are stored longer.
How to pick cucumbers
Cucumbers are harvested early in the morning, trying to cut them off together with the stem. Scourge, if possible, try not to turn. Frequent harvesting of these vegetables (once every 2-3 days) stimulates fruiting. For canning suitable fruits of medium size with a thin delicate skin.
How to collect zucchini and zucchini
When planning to use zucchini and zucchini for preservation and cooking, they are removed when they reach a quarter of their maximum size, for caviar they wait two-thirds to grow, and for winter storage - full biological ripeness.
How to collect tomatoes and peppers
Tomatoes are harvested when they reach a characteristic size for fruits of a given variety, but which have not reached full ripeness. They are left to ripen already plucked,at the same time the content of useful substances in them only increases.
Peppers are also left for ripening, collecting them at the time of discoloration.
How to pick berries
For picking raspberries, the best time is early morning in dry, clear weather. For better preservation, the berries are removed along with the stalk.
Raspberries, gooseberries, strawberries, black currants and sea buckthorn are harvested with individual berries. Grapes, as well as white and red currants are cut with brushes.
How to pick apples and pears
When picking fruit, it is not allowed to shake them from the branches, so half of the fruit will be unsuitable for long-term storage. They are cut together with the stem, avoiding jerks and rotation.
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