• How to install the OS?

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    How to install the OS?

    Every user from time to time is faced with the need to install or reinstall the operating system. Appealing to a specialist about this is costly. This consumes both money and time. Independently install the OS is so simple that almost every user can handle it.

    The instructions below will help to avoid the most common mistakes and cope with the task as soon as possible. It describes the installation of Windows 7, but the recommendations are suitable in cases with most other versions of operating systems from Microsoft.

    What is required?

    To install Windows 7 will not need any special tools. What is needed is only:

    1. installation disk with the operating system;
    2. optical drive.

    Even if the drive is not available, you can download a Windows 7 image from the Internet and create a bootable USB flash drive. Installation disks can be used for this different.

    Both unlicensed assemblies (free download available) and official releases (available to buy) are suitable.The advantage of unlicensed builds is that they usually include not only installation files and “free” activation tools, but also basic driver packages for the most common devices, additional programs, codecs, and themes. For the licensed Windows 7, all this will have to be separately downloaded and installed. But, acquiring a license, you can count on Microsoft technical support and is guaranteed to use a “clean” and stable version of the product.

    Speaking of drivers, it is worth noting that not even the most advanced assemblies are included. Therefore, to ensure the stable operation of all devices of the personal computer, it is advisable to download the DriverPack Solution (or) program separately. It will allow you to automatically determine the missing (or outdated) drivers, download them from the database and install.

    Hard Drive Preparation

    If an old hard disk with an operating system previously installed on it (there is a partition of 20 gigabytes in size) will be used to install Windows 7, then there is no need to make any manipulations with the volumes. It is enough to format the system partition (usually C).

    If the disk is new, then it is desirable to first divide it into volumes (for the system disk, leave at least 20 gigabytes). Acronis Disk Director easily copes with such tasks (you can download it or). It is worth noting that in some assemblies, it is often already there. So you can run it when you boot your computer from the disk of this assembly.

    Formatting the system volume in it is as follows:

    1. create a boot disk (or flash drive) with the program;
    2. we load the computer from it;
    3. click on the system partition (usually C);
    4. in the left panel of the program, select the item "Format";
    5. In the new window, click the "OK" button;
    6. in the top panel of the program, click the button “Apply scheduled operations”;
    7. In the new window, click the "Continue" button.

    Partitions on the new HDD are created like this:

    1. create a boot disk (or flash drive) with the program;
    2. we load the computer from it;
    3. click on a single disk partition;
    4. in the left pane, select the item "Create volume";
    5. in the next two windows, click "Next";
    6. In the "Volume Size" field, enter the desired value of the volume of the partition (for Windows 7, 20 GB is enough);
    7. put a dot near the point "Main";
    8. click the "Finish" button;
    9. Click the button "Apply scheduled operations."

    Other volumes are created in the same way.

    Installation process

    The installation operation itself looks like this:

    1. insert the installation disk into the drive;
    2. restart the computer;
    3. when the motherboard saver occurs, we launch the Boot Menu (for example, pressing the “F11” key - differ depending on the manufacturer);
    4. we select by arrows of the cursor on the keyboard the point where the name of the drive is mentioned;
    5. Press the "ENTER" button;Windows
    6. after downloading (depending on the type of assembly, this menu may look different), select the item “Install Windows 7” or similar in meaning.

    Further display of the installation process may vary. If the download comes from the original disk, then windows will appear in which you will need to enter the license key and phone number. If this is a pirated assembly, then these items are usually absent, and the next and final step is to set account parameters (enter any combination of letters of the Latin alphabet and / or numbers) and select the time zone.

    In some assemblies, it is possible to determine the bit depth (architecture) of the operating system (x86 or x64).For most users, x86 is suitable, that is, a 32-bit version.

    During installation, the computer may restart several times. After the installation is completed, the operating system will boot from the hard disk. Task execution time depends on computer performance.

    Post-installation operations

    Regardless of whether you used a disk with a licensed Windows 7 or third-party build, the first thing to do in the new system is to update the driver. This operation, as mentioned above, is easily implemented usingWindowsprogram DriverPack Solution. To install the missing (and update outdated) drivers, you must:

    1. install (or mount the image with the program in a virtual drive) and run DriverPack Solution;
    2. wait until the collection of parameters about the system;
    3. run the installation and update drivers;
    4. After the program is completed, reboot.

    Now the installation of the operating system can be considered complete.


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