Iguana - the original pet
Recently, such seemingly impregnable, but in fact, very interesting and, in their own way, unique pets, iguanas, are becoming increasingly popular.
These reptilian and proud reptiles greatly benefit from the usual dogs, cats and hamsters: because of their wool, they do not have to constantly clean furniture and coverings, they practically do not smell, they do not make sounds, they do not have to be walked around, besides, they do not cause allergies.
Plus, a person who ventured to take care of such a non-standard domestic pet can be called bold and creative, because it is really, quite original for our latitudes. However, for such a reptile to live in your home for a long and happy life, it is necessary to know in advance how to take care of the iguana, as it turned out that this is far from being the easiest pet for upbringing and keeping at home.
Only after you weigh all the pros and cons, you can go for the purchase of such a beast, because iguanas, if in poor or inadequate care, in captivity quickly fade and, in 2-3 years, die.
If all the conditions of detention are respected and the reptile feels comfortable, then its lifespan can easily be 15-20 years. So let's start from the beginning. The most common species, both in nature and at home, is the green iguana, whose habitat is the shores of North and South Africa, as well as parts of Africa.
Thanks to the fact that these are reptiles accustomed to a rather warm and humid climate, their content is not a cheap one, because the most important thing for them is to create their own house with conditions that are as close to natural as possible.
So immediately think about the fact that you will have to spend not only on the purchase of the little animal itself, the price of which can be quite high, but also on multiple adaptations for the terrarium that will maintain certain climate conditions in it.
Of course, the content of the iguana is not easy, but lovers of the exotic will be able to appreciate all the delights of such pets.It is worth noting that these are very intelligent and easily socialized creatures who love and become attached to their masters.
How to choose a healthy iguana?
If you did decide to have such a unique pet, then, going to the store for him, it would not hurt to know how to choose a healthy and strong individual. Carefully observe the reptile, consider its color and general appearance: the iguana should be bright, dull colors indicate its poor health, perhaps a fungal disease.
Despite the fact that the iguana is called "green", it will not necessarily be like this, you can find a different color, which varies from green to red, pale lilac, pink and even black! The color can vary from the range of its habitat, as well as from the feeding of a giant lizard.
Take the iguana in your hands, carefully examine its oral cavity: to do this, gently pull back the neck fold: it should be pink, and the tongue itself should be red. The pallor of both of them indicates a lack of calcium, in principle, this point can be corrected later, provided that it is properly cared for and maintained.
Inspect the fingers and paws - they should not have any swelling, and even more tumors. The tail and scallop on it - can also tell about the health of its owner - it should not be dry and darkened. Inspect the reptile's anus - it should be clean and dry.
We set up a house for animals
As we have said, the most important thing in the proper care of the iguana is the arrangement of its house. This is usually a terrarium in which the lizard can feel alone and comfortable. While the iguana is small, it needs a small house: where it is 60 cm long and 80 cm deep.
By 1.5-2 years of age, the reptile reaches its maximum size, and the terrarium will have to be changed to a new, but permanent, depending on its new size.
It is important to choose the right place in the apartment for the iguana house: it should be a quiet and secluded place where there are no harsh sounds and drafts. Since in the native climate of such animals the moisture level reaches 100%, it is humid in the terrarium, this figure is maintained at a level of at least 80%.
Humidity can be achieved with the help of small pools or waterfalls, as well as with the help of ventilation and injection systems.Under the pools it is advisable to put warm warmers, which will keep the temperature at a suitable level, thanks to which the iguana, after heating under a warm lamp, can not supercool in the cool water of the pool.
With regard to air temperature, it should be at 25-28 °, a little more, but not above 35 °, otherwise the reptile risks overheating, which is fraught with a lethal outcome.
To heat the terrarium, incandescent bulbs are usually used, they must be arranged in such a way that the pet can not reach them and, as a result, get burned.
Another important point of keeping such pets is the sun, and, along with it, the necessary vitamin D3, which contributes to the normal absorption of calcium in the body of the iguana. Natural lighting from the window is not enough, so you need to install ultraviolet lamps inside the terrarium.
Such devices emit UV rays, which in turn contribute to the full development of your pet, without them the animal will get sick, the paws, tail and claws begin to curve, which leads to further fractures and serious diseases.
At the bottom of the house is not recommended to lay out some soil, sawdust or pieces of newspaper, over time, it will all be in the mouth of the reptile, which can lead to indigestion. For these purposes it is best to use a special mat.
It is important that inside the house there was some thick wood, fruit trees of the trees would be fine. It must first be boiled to destroy various parasites. The fact is that in nature iguanas spend most of the time somewhere on the tree, and therefore without something like it will be extremely uncomfortable.
What to feed such a pet?
Despite the fact that in nature such reptiles can eat small insects or spiders, veterinarians insist that at home they are recommended to be fed exclusively with vegetable food. The basis of the daily diet should be green and salads (70-80%), the rest of vegetables and fruits (10-15%).
It is very important that the greens and vegetables are rich in calcium, these include: salads, clover, dandelions, parsley, sweet peppers, broccoli, peas. Your favorite strawberry, pumpkin, savoy cabbage, cauliflower, raspberry, blackberry, and citrus will rejoice at figs and corn.
Try to diversify the diet of such an animal, by the way, “walking” your miracle around the apartment, be careful, iguanas can easily enjoy your indoor flowers.
Communication with the iguana
As for walks, such pets, of course, need them, but only within the framework of your apartment and strictly under your supervision.
Otherwise, the iguana can not only spoil some household property, ranging from houseplants, ending with wires, but also accidentally harm itself, for example, jump out of the door or through the window.
Such pets should not be strongly squeezed, they should be taken gently in their hands, clasping the forearm area with their hands, and pressing the hind legs with the second one is not recommended to touch the tail, otherwise the iguana can frighten and throw it off.
What is best friend
In the summer I want to make all sorts of pickles for sale. What is the best dish to do and where to get it
Shoots ear what to do
How do cacti bloom
How to sew jeans
What you need for a wedding