• Measles - what is this disease

    How do you get measles


    Measles has a different degree of danger depending on how much time has passed after infection. The person becomes most infectious, starting from the last two days of the incubation period until the fourth day of illness, when rashes appear on the skin. Since the fifth day of the infection is not transmitted to others. If a woman has had measles, the newborn child has immunity transmitted from the mother. It is valid for the first 3 months of life, after which vaccination is required.The measles vaccine protects a person for 10 years, after which time the concentration of antibodies in the blood gradually decreases.
    Measles virus enters the human body through the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract, in which it begins to multiply. It then enters the bloodstream, accumulates in the organs and causes them to enter into small inflammatory processes. Then the pathogen begins to spread throughout the body, and a rash appears on the skin. Five days after the rash appears, the highest concentration of the virus in the blood falls as the body begins to produce neutralizing antibodies.

    Symptoms, treatment of measles


    Symptoms of measles appear 9-11 days after infection. These include:
    - a significant increase in body temperature - up to 38-39 ° C, in some cases up to 40 ° C,
    - general malaise,
    - rough, "barking" cough,
    - a feeling of weakness,
    - loss of appetite,
    - redness of the eyes,
    - stomach ache,
    - rash on the body.
    As a rule, the first rash in the form of whitish specks appear on the mucous membrane of the cheeks, then the rash appears on the outer skin. General intoxication increases, the lesion of the upper respiratory tract increases. The rash usually goes away three to four days after the onset; small spots of pigmentation and scaling remain on these places. Specific agents are not used to treat measles. In most cases, the disease is treated at home. At the initial stage, measles can be neutralized by the administration of immunoglobulin. The injection must be made no later than five days from the moment of contact with the sick person. If the disease has developed to the stage of clinical manifestations, the immunoglobulin will be ineffective.Patients are hospitalized with complicated forms of the disease, and children of closed groups are hospitalized.

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