The Mediterranean Diet Wins Against Peripheral Arterial Disease



The Mediterranean Diet Wins Against Peripheral Arterial Disease

The good fats of the Mediterranean diet significantly cut peripheral arterial disease risk in a big new clinical trial.

By Jennifer J. Brown, PhD

Don't Miss This

Sign Up for OurHeart HealthNewsletter

Thanks for signing up!You might also like these other newsletters:

Eating a Mediterranean diet cuts your risk of several diseases, including peripheral artery disease.
Eating a Mediterranean diet cuts your risk of several diseases, including peripheral artery disease.

Bring out the nuts and olive oil!

From prior studies we know that people who follow a Mediterranean diet have a lower risk of heart attack and stroke risk, and that patients with a high risk of developing heart disease lowered their diabetes risk when they followed this diet. If you follow a Mediterranean diet, olive oil, nuts, fish, grains, fruits and vegetables form the core of your eating plan.

New research published today in JAMA shows that a Mediterranean diet can also cut your risk for another heart condition, peripheral arterial disease, or PAD. In PAD, plaque — cholesterol, fat, and fibrous tissue — lines the inner surface of arteries, limiting the amount of oxygen-rich blood that can get to the legs, arms, head, and internal organs. PAD gets more common as we age, affecting 10 percent of the population who are over 70, and 20 percent or more of those over 80 years old. People with PAD often have the classic symptom of leg pain, and they are at increased risk of heart disease and stroke.

This new study of 7,477 men and women is the first randomized clinical trial to test whether diet would have an effect on PAD risk.

It makes sense the the diet would help, according to Kevin Campbell MD, a cardiologist at North Carolina Heart and Vascular and assistant professor at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, who was not involved with the new research. "We know that the risk factors for the development of heart disease and PAD are similar — diabetes, high cholesterol, obesity and high blood pressure," he said, adding that he often counsels at-risk patients to switch to a Mediterranean diet. Dr. Campbell was not involved with the trial.

I'll Have Nuts With That

Participants in the trial had type 2 diabetes or three or more cardiovascular risk factors — but no indication of PAD yet. They were all given dietary education and then put on one of the three following diets for an average of five years:

  • Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil
  • Mediterranean diet supplemented with nuts
  • Counseling and a low-fat diet

For those on the diet supplemented with nuts, PAD risk was cut in half, and for people whose diets were supplemented with olive oil the risk of PAD was one-third of that for people on low-fat diets.

These results tell us that primary prevention of PAD is possible through diet.

The Mediterranean diet replaces “bad” with “good” fats to protect the blood vessels.

"It makes perfect sense that the same dietary intervention that has been proven to reduce risk of heart disease and stroke would also reduce risk of PAD," said Dr. Campbell. He points out that it's also a good diet for controlling cholesterol and blood pressure, and a great way to reduce your BMI and keep your weight in check.

What makes the Mediterranean diet so special? Surprisingly, the benefits stem from fat.

Good Fats in the Mediterranean Diet

A diet rich in heart-healthy fats that come from olives, nuts and fish has high levels of omega-3 fatty acids. The beauty of a Mediterranean diet is that you don't have to give up the satisfying feeling of fullness that comes from fats — as long as they are the "good" unsaturated fats. According to the American Heart Association, olive oil is one of the best oils for your heart.

"The Mediterranean diet ... replaces "bad" (trans-fats, saturated fats) with "good" fats (monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats), which has a protective effect on the blood vessels," said William T. Abraham, MD, a cardiologist and professor at the Ohio State University in Columbus.






Video: Peripheral Artery Disease Diet and Nutrition

The Mediterranean Diet Wins Against Peripheral Arterial Disease
The Mediterranean Diet Wins Against Peripheral Arterial Disease images

2019 year
2019 year - The Mediterranean Diet Wins Against Peripheral Arterial Disease pictures

The Mediterranean Diet Wins Against Peripheral Arterial Disease forecast
The Mediterranean Diet Wins Against Peripheral Arterial Disease recommend photo

The Mediterranean Diet Wins Against Peripheral Arterial Disease images
The Mediterranean Diet Wins Against Peripheral Arterial Disease foto

The Mediterranean Diet Wins Against Peripheral Arterial Disease The Mediterranean Diet Wins Against Peripheral Arterial Disease new images
The Mediterranean Diet Wins Against Peripheral Arterial Disease new photo

pictures The Mediterranean Diet Wins Against Peripheral Arterial Disease
pictures The Mediterranean Diet Wins Against Peripheral Arterial Disease

Watch The Mediterranean Diet Wins Against Peripheral Arterial Disease video
Watch The Mediterranean Diet Wins Against Peripheral Arterial Disease video

Communication on this topic: The Mediterranean Diet Wins Against Peripheral Arterial , the-mediterranean-diet-wins-against-peripheral-arterial/
Communication on this topic: The Mediterranean Diet Wins Against Peripheral Arterial , the-mediterranean-diet-wins-against-peripheral-arterial/ , the-mediterranean-diet-wins-against-peripheral-arterial/

Related News


How to Write or Edit a Quick Summary on wikiHow
BLACKDECKER 1.7L Rapid Boil Electric Cordless Kettle, White, KE1500W
Gray Hairstyle Pictures on Black Women
Ive Been Thankful for My Abortion Every Single Day Since I Had It
Brandon Maxwell Taps His 81-Year-Old Grandmother For Fall 2019 Ads
Gal Gadot’s reaction to Wonder Woman’s Oscar nomination snub is perfect
Angelina Jolie Finally Responds To THOSE Sony Emails
Brits are turning to tequila
Birth Control at a Young Age
How to Help Reduce Sex Trafficking in Your Town
Polenta Stacks
How to Tell Your Mom You Are Bisexual
Patagonia’s Fight for Public Lands
The Top Five Hidden Home Hazards



Date: 06.12.2018, 21:00 / Views: 84331