What are alliances?
Russian language consists of different parts of speech, one of them is union. Although this is not the main, but the service part of speech, but it is impossible to make a complex and beautiful sentence without it. What are alliances, and what it is, we describe below.
This official part of speech was given the name union for good reason. She links the words into a sentence, two or more simple sentences into a complex one. In this case, the union is not a member of the proposal and always remains unchanged.
Example: "What could be alliances, and what is it?". In this case, "and" is a union that combined two simple sentences.
Classification of unions
The classification of unions is based on the following features:
- By origin.
- In composition.
- By use.
- By value.
Let's look at each item in more detail.
First. By origin, there are two types of unions: those that are formed from other parts of speech - derivatives (because, albeit, but) and those that are not related to other parts of speech - non-derivatives (however, and that, a).
Second.In the classification by structure (in composition) there are also two groups of words. These are unions consisting of one word, they are called simple (as if, for). The second group of unions consists of several words, which are written with a space, they are called complex (while, after, because).
The third. By use, unions are divided into 3 groups:
- Single (a, that);
- Repeated (and ..., and; how ... how);
- Paired - a union consists of two words that are always used together (as ..., so, if ..., then).
Fourth. By value, unions are divided into composing and subordinate. It depends on their syntactic meaning in the sentence. Each species is divided into subgroups. Let's consider them.
Writing unions are used only to connect peers. The following types of constitutional unions are distinguished:
- connecting (and; yes (= and); not only .., but; also; neither .., nor);
- separation (mutual exclusion relations) - either ... or, not that, or, or;
- adversative, opposing something (a, yes (= but), yet, but);
- gradational (comparative relations) - not that ... but, if not ... then and;
- connecting, it is necessary to attach something (and, also, and, and yes);
- explanatory, it is necessary to clarify something, to add (that is, as it is).
In the school curriculum, only the first three types are studied.
Subordination unions connect unequal members of the sentence, indicating the dependence of one on another (subordination). Types of subordinate unions:
- Explanatory - so as;
- Conditional - if, if, if ... then;
- Temporary - barely;
- Causal - because, for;
- Comparative - as if, as if;
- Conciliatory - let, though;
- Target - so that;
- Investigative - so.
Some of the unions may refer to several species.
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