What is the era?
Historical periods are usually distinguished from the point of view of general ideas and trends. The names of eras are given retrospectively, after evaluations of past events. Such a periodization strongly influences the accuracy of subsequent studies, so you should be extremely careful here. What historical eras are currently represented?
Chronology of historical eras
In this era there are several other major periods:
- Early antiquity;
- Classical antiquity;
- Late antiquity.
This period of history lasted from the beginning of the 7th century BC. e., until the end of the VI century AD. er The cultural heritage of ancient times has been preserved in the everyday life, language, culture and traditions of many Romance peoples. Elements of classical antiquity were long preserved in the core of the Eastern Roman Empire until the 9th century AD. er
Middle Ages. It came after the end of the ancient era. The beginning of this branch of history is the collapse of the Western Roman Empire at the end of the 5th century. But about when the end of an era came, there is still a lot of controversy.There are several options for what was the end of the Middle Ages:
- The fall of Constantinople in 1453;
- Discovery of America in 1492;
- The beginning of the Reformation in 1517;
- The beginning of the English Revolution in 1640;
- End of the Thirty Years War in 1648.
Recently, the end of an era dates back to the XV-XVI centuries. It would be most accurate to consider this great epoch as a world process, as well as a special period in the development of each country. What are the era in the future perspective of history?
Then came the Renaissance. What century refers to its beginning? An approximate reading of the beginning of this era is the beginning of the XIV century, and the approximate end came in the XVII century. The most distinctive and characteristic feature of rebirth is considered to be that it bore the secular side of culture and interest in human activities, as well as in the individual. There is a revival of ancient culture. Such a paradigm arose after changes occurred in the society of Europe. In the cities appeared secular centers of art and science, whose activities were uncontrolled by the church. Italy was the birthplace of this era.
Baroque.Great Italy is also considered the center of this culture. In Italian cities, the era originated in the XVI-XIVI centuries, namely in Rome, Venice, Florence and Mantua. Such a turn of history is considered to be the beginning of the triumph of the formation of "Western civilization." What era begins after the unexpected Baroque?
- Classicism. This trend of artistic style in European art came after the Baroque in the XVIII century, and ended in the XІX. At the heart of this direction lay rationalism. For example, the works of art of the classicism should be built on strict canons. For classicism, only eternal and unchanging interest was of interest. Classicism established a strict hierarchy of all genres that could not be mixed:
- Oh yeah;
- The epic;
Romanticism, which began in the XVIII century, asserts the spiritual and creative life of each person, depicts strong and fighting characters. Distribution went to all areas of human activity. All strange, unexplored, fantastic, original, existing only in books and not in real life, began to be called romantic.What are the epochs after the romantic perception of reality surged?
Impressionism originated in France in the XІX century, and then spread throughout the world. All representatives of this direction tried to depict everything around in real outlines, but in terms of mobility and with the introduction of their impressions. The most important thing was to be able to correctly convey your impressions in the film, in literature and music.
Expressionism is the trend in the art of Europe, which began to develop in the twentieth century during the formation of modernism. The greatest recognition and growth was achieved in Germany and in Austria. Expressionism strives not only to portray and convey reality, but also to convey most clearly all the emotions of the author. It was realized in many directions: painting, theater, literature, music, dance and architecture. And this is the first trend that has found its realization in the cinema.
Why did this era come about? It was a painful reaction to the ugliness of capitalist civilization. Many emotions were conveyed: fear, anxiety, frustration and despair.For each expressionist characteristic is the subjectivity of the entire creative process, because the expression should prevail over the image. Here you can often catch the motive of screaming and pain.
Radical constructivism is not a reflection of reality, but a reflection by each individual of how he subjectively sees every real thing. After all, this happens after a person cognizes everything around. Every person in this era is considered as a closed system.
Neoclassicism. Creation, which was created in such a period, is characterized by a manifestation of antiquity, rebirth, classicism. Neoclassicism is characteristic of amazing architectural art and visual trends in art.
What is the era of development? At this historical stage New time has come. In this segment of history, the emergence of a new civilization, the system of relations of the European world and the spread to other parts of the world. What eras are, surprises many, leaves a variety of mysteries that will solve the next generation of the whole world!
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