• What is studying syntax?

    Irina Kosheleva
    Irina Kosheleva
    August 13, 2012
    23776
    What is studying syntax?

    In the modern structure of the Russian language there are many levels. And for everyone there is a separate section. So, morphology deals with the structure of the word, words study lexicology, and what does the syntax study?

    The syntax in the language is assigned a separate important role - the study of sentences and phrases. So the syntax is exploring:

    • how sentences and phrases are built;
    • what they are made of;
    • what kinds of connections are there between them;
    • what are the types of sentences and phrases;
    • what value each of them has;
    • how simple sentences are combined into complex ones.

    So, for example, we all remember from the school course of the Russian language, that communication can be composing and subordinate. A writing is when all the words in a phrase or all parts of a complex sentence have equal rights and are independent of each other. Submissive - as is clear already from the very name, that type of connection, in which one word in a phrase or a simple sentence in the composition of the complex dominates the others.

    So, phrases are distinguished by the following types of links:

    1. Reconciliation: the words in the phrase are consistent, and when one changes, the second changes. Examples: beautiful girl, picturesque painting, successful trip. In this kind of connection, from the main word to the dependent one, questions of definitions are asked: which one? what? whose?
    2. Management: one word (main) controls the second (dependent) and when the main word changes, the dependent does not change. Example: love mom, watch movies, dance. The distinguishing feature of management is that from the main word to the dependent one, questions of indirect cases are asked.
    3. Joining: the dependent word seems to be adjacent to the main one, connects with it in meaning and intonation and is always an unchangeable part of speech. Example: look beautiful, make on purpose, hard boiled eggs. This type of communication involves questions of circumstances, which are set from the main word to the dependent: how? when? Where? etc.

    There are two types of sentences: simple and complex. In simple sentences there is only one grammatical basis (subject and predicate or only one of them), and in a complex one - several.


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