What gods are there?
Our article will be devoted to God, or rather, to the gods in different religions. You will find out what gods are and how they differ from each other. But before that, a few words about definitions that will help you better understand the classification.
What gods are there
It must be said that in most religions God is a personal being, however there are some religious teachings in which God is impersonal (the so-called impersonalism). At the same time, the specific qualities of God or gods are also unequal in different religions. The concept of God or gods is central to any religion. If God is one, then we are talking about monotheistic religion, if there are many, then polytheism. In such a case, God is any of the creatures that stand above the world. Polytheistic religions are perhaps the most ancient, although judging by some branches of Hinduism, one can argue with that. Of the most ancient polytheistic forms, one can distinguish the religions of ancient Greece and Rome, as well as some forms of the religion of ancient Slavs and Hinduism. The main monotheistic religions are Christianity, Judaism and Islam.The concept of God in such religions is formed on the basis of various scriptures and other sacred texts, proceeding, as adherents (zealous worshipers) of such religions believe, from God himself. God in such religions is the supreme almighty person, the Creator of all living things. He is eternal, immortal, omnipresent, all-knowing and all-good, that is, He is absolute love and goodness. In addition, it is not knowable. From impersonal religions we single out Buddhism and Jainism, in which there is no concept of God. And now more about God and the gods in each of the above religions.
What are the gods in specific religions
Let's start with the so-called Abrahamic religions - Judaism, Christianity and Islam. They are based on faith in the One God. However, the first truly monotheistic religion of all known was, apparently, the religion of the ancient Egyptian pharaoh Akhenaten. Gradually, monotheism has spread widely throughout the world. As for the individual Abrahamic religions, which to some extent recognize the Old Testament, which Abraham is believed to have received directly from God, for example, Judaism is based on faith in the One God who created the whole world.The Christian concept of God is based on the Bible, and not only on the Old, but, first of all, on the New Testament. The Christian God is the primordial and foregoing essence of the world, omnipresent, omnipotent and all-knowing. God is the creator of everything material and non-material, and specifically all living beings and everything that exists in the Universe, including itself. God is the source of being. God created this world and populated it with people. He takes the most active part in the life of mankind, sends prophets and directly participates in earthly affairs (recall, for example, the World Flood. The universe created by God is placed at His disposal to a person who has free will, however, Satan was seduced by man, and as a result, man was separated from God.Christians believe that man is sinful from the very beginning and, therefore, is mortal for this reason.In the main Christian currents that we examine in detail there will not be, God is Triune:. Father, Son and Holy Spirit, forming a single divine essence in Islam there is a single God, who is the only one worthy of human worship.He is the Almighty Creator and Almighty of the worlds, is nothing like that, nothing can be compared with him. 99 names of Allah in Islam emphasize His perfect qualities.
God in Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism
The Hindus use the word Ishwara to designate the One God (personal), and other deities in the Hindu pantheon are called maidens. In the philosophy of Vedanta, there is the concept of Brahman - the supreme cosmic spirit. Brahman is everything and is present everywhere. He is omnipresent, omnipotent, boundless, disembodied, inherent inherent inner (immanent) reality, acting as the divine basis for the entire universe. Sikhs also believe in one God, the all-pervading and omnipotent Creator, who is not comprehensible and cannot be reached for man. Present His name is also unknown. Only He himself is God, knows the purpose of creation, He punishes no one and does not lead, but He himself exudes mercy and love, is devoid of hatred and any attachments. But in Buddhism, all is not so clear. On the one hand, Prince Gautama (Buddha) denied the existence of the Creator, but he also recognized Brahman, which contained the whole world within it, along with all its joys and experiences.
Egypt, antiquity and Slavs
In ancient Egypt, as in India, there was no common religion, but there were local cults dedicated to certain deities. In most of them, however, other deities were recognized, so the Egyptian religion can be quite regarded as polytheistic. And it is worth mentioning separately about the “innovation” of Pharaoh Akhenaten, who introduced the cult of worship of Aton (the so-called God of the Sun), who was the first sign of monotheism. In total, the Egyptian religion has about 700 gods. As for the religion of the ancient Greeks and Romans, this is classical polytheism, because their pantheons consisted of several hundred different deities, who personified both the forces of nature and the heavenly bodies. Close to them is the traditional Slavic paganism, although the number of gods in the Slavic pantheon is quite difficult to determine due to the fact that the same deity had several names. What god to believe is, of course, the personal matter of each. And my task was to show you all the diversity of human ideas about the Higher Power, so that you know what gods there are.
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