What is a blood clot?
Thrombus is a medical term referring to the field of cardiovascular diseases. Many have heard this word, but not everyone understands what a thrombus is. Not everyone knows that blood clots are the perpetrators of a deadly myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke. The formation of blood clots can lead to gangrene, and a severed blood clot can lead to death. Let's try to understand what is blood clots, what contributes to their formation and how to treat them.
Thrombus: definition and causes
A blood clot is a blood clot consisting of proteins, which is formed as a result of an increased content of platelets in the blood (special blood cells that are “responsible” for blood clotting). You can read more about them in the article What are platelets.
Thrombi are pathological formations in the lumen of blood vessels or in the cavity of the heart. Blood clots are formed, usually as a result of atherosclerotic changes, increased blood viscosity and impaired blood flow.These clots are attached to the walls of blood vessels (wall clots) or completely block the blood flow (occluding blood clots).
Types of blood clots
Blood clots are divided into types depending on their appearance, structure and cause of formation.
- White blood clots are most often formed in the arteries due to slow blood flow. The structure of this type of thrombus includes leukocytes, fibrin and platelets.
- White blood clots usually form in the veins also due to slow blood flow. The structure of this type of thrombus includes red blood cells, fibrin and platelets.
- Mixed blood clots have a variegated appearance and a layered structure. Most often formed in the veins, in the cavity of the heart and aortic aneurysm.
- Hyaline blood clots. Their main composition - destroyed red blood cells, platelets and rarely fibrin. This type of thrombus is found in thin-walled vessels through which blood circulates between the veins and arteries.
Treatment and Prevention
To prevent the appearance of blood clots and related diseases, it is necessary to observe three important principles of life.
- A healthy diet designed to lower cholesterol. Such a diet should include as much as possible vegetables, fruits, fish and herbs.
- Moving lifestyle. You must do daily exercise for at least half an hour. It is also desirable to walk more and swim.
- Maintaining normal blood viscosity, which is facilitated by the use of blood-thinning drugs. It is possible to take measures of this nature only when the need has arisen and only on the prescription of a doctor.
Treatment of blood clots is carried out by two main methods:
- Surgical: mechanical removal of a blood clot, as well as shunting and stenting.
- Therapeutic treatment: dissolution of blood clots, ligation of the veins with the installation of blood clots, drug therapy.
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