What is a dragoon?
Many words become obsolete and become archaic. That is, these words do not lose their meaning, but the phenomena and objects that they denote disappear from modern reality. So, for example, happened with the word "dragoon". This word is found in literature and in cinema, but in everyday speech it is almost impossible to hear it. So what is a dragoon? Let's see.
Origin of the word
The word "dragoon" is of French origin. In literal translation, it means "dragon." For the first time in history this word appeared in the 16th century, when, during the occupation of Piedmont, selected and the most daring infantrymen were mounted on horses. This squad, similar to the many-headed mythical monster, was given the name "Dragoons", that is, Dragons.
In the future, regular dragoon regiments were organized in the French army of the time of Louis 14 and in Prussia and in Britain. In the Russian army, the first dragoon regiment appeared under Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich.
Dragoons, heavy cavalry or cavalry, capable of fighting and on foot, existed in many European armies until the early 20th century. Later, with the development of technology and the withdrawal of cavalry from the regular army, the dragoon troops were abolished.
As a linguistic inheritance, the word "dragoon" is preserved in Russian in some surnames: Dragoon, Dragunov, Dragoon.
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