What is aids?
Unfortunately, not everyone knows enough about what AIDS is. About this disease became known in 1981 and since then it has spread throughout the world. Understanding the essence of the AIDS epidemic and how to prevent it can save lives.
What is AIDS and HIV?
The abbreviation of HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. When it enters the human body, this virus weakens the functioning of the human immune system and causes HIV infection - as a result, the body becomes virtually defenseless against diseases. HIV infection lasts a very long time, gradually undermining the immune system. The last stage of this disease, when the complex symptoms of the disease have been identified, is called AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome).
How does AIDS manifest?
The period between HIV infection and the onset of AIDS can last up to ten years. An infected person begins to suffer from intestinal, viral, bacterial infections, which practically do not manifest in people with good immunity.A high percentage of the disease is pneumonia and tuberculosis, cancers, and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
How is AIDS transmitted?
AIDS is transmitted through blood, during unsafe sex, when using dirty syringes, as well as from an infected woman to a child during childbirth or lactation. Especially many people infected with AIDS have this disease during unprotected sex. When shaking hands, kissing, using a shared toilet in other household situations, AIDS is not transmitted.
HIV is an incurable disease. But modern medicine is able to treat the symptoms of diseases provoked by immunodeficiency. Also, throughout the course of the illness, an HIV-infected person takes special immunomodulatory drugs that help produce the missing lymphocytes and inhibit the development of the disease.
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