What is a saying?
Various forms of Russian folk art. These include ditties, songs and dances, as well as proverbs and sayings. What is the saying, what does it teach and why did it come up?
Definition of sayings
A saying is such a turn of speech or phrase that reflects some kind of life phenomenon. A saying is a small genre of folklore, often of a humorous nature.
According to the definition of Dahl, the saying is such a short foldable speech, which is popular among people, but is not a full-fledged proverb. What does the saying mean? Dahl also notes that the saying is such a walking expression that could not grow to the full proverb and in fact is a new image that replaces some ordinary word. For example, instead of "drunk" - "bast" does not knit, instead of "fool" - "I did not invent gunpowder", and so on. As you can see, there is no proverb here yet, but an image has already emerged, which can be designated by such a concept as “proverb”.
What do sayings teach and why are they made? Unlike proverbs, the saying does not contain any instructive generalizing meaning. It is simply an image that replaces an ordinary word or defines a phenomenon.
Types of sayings
If we talk about the types of sayings, we can distinguish the following:
- thematic sayings;
- sayings of the peoples of the world;
- sayings of different regions of the world.
Examples of sayings
- Teach your grandmother to suck eggs;
- The word is not a sparrow;
- Named gruzdem, get into the box.
It should also be noted that often sayings are a part of the corresponding proverb. An example is the following: “Two boots are a pair, and both are put on the left leg.”
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